UIS Commission on Karst Hydrogeology and Speleogenesis
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Karstbase Bibliography Database

Khalaf, Fikry I.; Abdullah, Fawzia A.
Occurrence of diagenetic alunites within karst cavity infill of the dammam formation, ahmadi, kuwait: an indicator of hydrocarbon gas seeps
Arabian Journal of Geosciences
2014
8
3
1549
1556

Alunite minerals occur as white powdery lumps  and laminated coloured deposits within cavity and solution  channel infill of the palaeokarst zone of the Upper Eocene  Dammam Formation. This formation is exposed in a quarry  located on the Al Ahmadi ridge within the Greater Burgan oil  field in southern Kuwait. Field occurrences and sedimentary  structures of the alunite deposits were described. Collected  samples were petrographically described, and their mineralogy  and geochemistry were determined using X-ray diffraction  and X-ray fluorescence, respectively. Microfabrics were investigated  using SEM, revealing that they are primarily composed  of fibrous alunogen (hydrous aluminium sulphate) and  pseudo-cubical K-alunite (hydrous potassium aluminium sulphate).  Their mode of occurrence suggests a hypogenetic  origin, where sulphide gases associated with hydrocarbon  gases reacted with an Al-rich solution leached from clay  minerals and feldspars of the cavity-fill muddy sand sediments.  The hydrocarbon gases may have seeped from subsurface  petroliferous formations within the Greater Burgan oil  field along vertical fractures. This study suggests that these  acidic seeps may have played a role in the development of the  palaeokarst zone of the Dammam Formation.

Alunite; Dammam Formation; Gas seeps; Burgan; Kuwait
1866-7511
10.1007/s12517-014-1316-z
Khalaf, Fikry I.; Abdullah, Fawzia A., 2014, Occurrence of diagenetic alunites within karst cavity infill of the dammam formation, ahmadi, kuwait: an indicator of hydrocarbon gas seeps , Arabian Journal of Geosciences , 8 , 1549 - 1556 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12517-014-1316-z