UIS Commission on Karst Hydrogeology and Speleogenesis
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Karstbase Bibliography Database

Featured article: conference proceedings
Mádl-SzőNyi, Judit; ErőSs, Anita
Mádl-Szőnyi, Judit; Erőss, Anita; Mindszenty, Andrea; Tóth, Ádám
Thermal springs and hypogenic karstification processes in flow system context
International Symposium on Hierarchical Flow Systems in Karst Regions
Budapest, Hungary

Uplifted unconfined and adjoining confined continental carbonate aquifers contain thermal water with marginal thermal springs as decisive discharge features connected to tectonic contact between the unconfined and confined part of the system. These areas are characterised by positive thermal anomaly, particular mineral precipitates and phre-atophyte vegetation. These systems are important not only as sources of thermal water but the confined parts of the system can serve as hydrocarbon reservoirs, moreover Mississippi Valley Type (MVT) ore deposits can also be connected to such environ-ments. Hypogenic speleogenesis can be active at such marginal discharge zones of groundwater due to the direct corrosive effect of deep originated fluids. These different processes are known from the literature however their relationships have not been revealed comprehensively. The application of regional groundwater flow system theory and evaluation can give a chance to understand the common origin of these different processes, which is moving groundwater. The Buda Thermal Karst offers an exception-al natural laboratory where groundwater flow systems and their effect on rock matrix and the environment can be examined and proved directly. Moreover as new discharge phenomenon a karst corrosive biofilm was recognized here. The presentation displays the most important conclusions which can be generalized for areas with similar hydro-geological settings. The research is supported by the NK 101356 OTKA research grant

unconfined and confined carbonate aquifers, regional groundwater flow, thermal springs, hypogenic karstification
Mádl-SzőNyi, Judit; ErőSs, Anita, 2013, Thermal springs and hypogenic karstification processes in flow system context , 105 - 105