UIS Commission on Karst Hydrogeology and Speleogenesis
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Karstbase Bibliography Database

Original article
Trimmel, H.
Zur erforschungsgeschichte der paläotraun (dachstein)
Remarks on the exploration history of the Paläotraun (Dachstein)
A paper in the 2010 issue of this journal focuses the discussion about the genesis of the “Paläotraun” passage in Dachstein-Mammut- Cave to the opinions of Hermann Bock and Walter Biese and after World War II to the papers of Trimmel and Arnberger. According to the author this but insufficiently reflects the state of research of that time. This article intends to be a completion of the viewpoints published in 2010 as well as a contribution to Austria’s history of speleology. Historically we can assume that Hermann Bock’s “Eforation” hypothesis is not at the beginning but rather at the end of an already almost finished discussion. The scientific dispute about it during the time between the two world wars was carried on not only by works of Biese but also by Otto Lehmann. Furthermore, Austrian geomorphologists added new aspects to the dis - cussion. Speleogenetic discussions and studies after 1945 were no longer dedicated primarily to the “Paläotraun” passage but tried a new approach by comparing vaulted forms in different karstic rocks and by giving more thought to sediments in terms of cave development. The Austrian “Bundeshöhlen - kommission” (federal cave commission) with its yearly meetings beginning in 1947 became a major platform for discussion. It finally encouraged the development of an extended basis to judge speleogenetic processes especially in the Eastern Alps by doing extensive investigations and targeted observations.
Trimmel, H., 2012, Zur erforschungsgeschichte der paläotraun (dachstein) , Die Hoehle , 63 , 43 - 62