UIS Commission on Karst Hydrogeology and Speleogenesis
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Karstbase Bibliography Database

Klimchouk, Alexander
White, William B.; Culver, David C.
Ukraine giant gypsum caves
Encyclopedia of Caves

The extensive gypsum karst in the Western Ukraine is renowned for its giant maze caves. It is internationally important as a model example of hypogene artesian speleogenesis. The region contains the five longest gypsum caves in the world, accounting for well over half of the total known length of gypsum caves on Earth. This article describes the geological and hydrogeological conditions of these caves, their patterns, morphology, and origin.

gypsum caves; hypogene speleogenesis; maze caves; artesian flow
Klimchouk, Alexander, 2012, Ukraine giant gypsum caves , 827 - 833 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123838322001195, PDF