UIS Commission on Karst Hydrogeology and Speleogenesis
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Polyak, Victor J.; Denniston, Rhawn F.
White, William B.; Culver, David C.
Paleoclimate records from speleothems
Encyclopedia of Caves

Speleothems, mainly stalagmites, are yielding continuous, high-resolution records of past climate. Because calcite in these speleothems can be dated with exceptional accuracy, these records are matching and in some cases exceeding records from lakes, trees, glaciers, and oceans in their importance, and are providing remarkable detail about regional and global climate change history. Multiple records are offered and discussed in this article and show the significance of caves to the field of paleoclimatology.

paleoclimate; oxygen isotopes; U/Th dating; ice cores; carbon isotopes; monsoons
Polyak, Victor J.; Denniston, Rhawn F., 2012, Paleoclimate records from speleothems , 577 - 585 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123838322000852, PDF