UIS Commission on Karst Hydrogeology and Speleogenesis
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Karstbase Bibliography Database

Dublyansky, Yuri
White, William B.; Culver, David C.
Hydrothermal caves
Encyclopedia of Caves (Second Edition)

Hydrothermal karst is a process of dissolution of cavities in the rocks under the action of hot waters. In most cases these waters ascend, and transport the heat from the deep-seated parts of the Earth’s crust and lack any genetic relationships to recharge from overlying or directly adjacent surfaces. Hydrothermal karst, thus, is a special case of hypogene karst. Formation of hydrothermal caves may involve a number of mechanisms, which correspond to different temperature, chemistry of waters, and hydrogeological settings (subaqueous or subaerial). Hydrothermal caves have characteristic morphology and may host secondary hydrothermal mineralization.

thermal water; solution caves; cave types; hypogene caves
Dublyansky, Yuri, 2012, Hydrothermal caves , 391 - 397 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780123838322#ancp20, PDF