UIS Commission on Karst Hydrogeology and Speleogenesis
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Karstbase Bibliography Database

Thorp, J.A.
The cupcake: a preliminary report on bones found during the excavation of a shaft on leck fell, uk
Cave and Karst Science
2011
38
3
121
124

Recent excavation work in a shaft known as The Cupcake on Leck Fell in northeast Lancashire, United Kingdom, has produced an interesting assemblage of ancient bones. All the animals represented are of wild species, aurochs (Bos primigenius), wild boar (Sus scrofa), wolf (Canis lupus), and badger (Meles meles). The bones were found at a depth of 8m, with the aurochs uppermost. Skeletal remains of several wild boars lay beneath, with a depth hiatus, suggesting a possible earlier depositional sequence. Differences in the state of preservation of the bones are notable. Bones in the centre of the shaft, in a damp environment, were the worst preserved, whereas the best preserved wild boar skull was recovered from a dry undercut on the southeast side. The lack of domestic species points to an early Holocene skeletal assemblage. Whole body representation suggests these animals died by falling down the shaft accidentally, while browsing on scrub concealing the entranc

paleontology
1356-191X
Thorp, J.A., 2011, The cupcake: a preliminary report on bones found during the excavation of a shaft on leck fell, uk , Cave and Karst Science , 38 , 121 - 124 http://bcra.org.uk/pub/candks/, PDF