UIS Commission on Karst Hydrogeology and Speleogenesis
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Karstbase Bibliography Database

Re-published article
Waltham, Tony
Fengcong, fenglin, cone karst and tower karst
Speleogenesis and Evolution of Karst Aquifers
Cave and Karst Science, 2008, 35 (3)
2011
11
1
14

Fengcong and fenglin are the two major types of karst terrain as defined in Chinese literature. They correlate only loosely with the Western terms of cone and tower karst respectively. With its isolated towers rising from a karst plain, fenglin is the most extreme form of karst landscape, and much of it may evolve from fengcong where tectonic uplift is critically slow, but overall it appears to be polygenetic. It is suggested that fengcong and fenglin are more useful karst terms with genetic implications and should take precedence, while cones and towers should be used purely as descriptive terms.

karst; cone; tower; fengcong; fenglin; China; karst evolution
Waltham, Tony , 2011, Fengcong, fenglin, cone karst and tower karst , Speleogenesis and Evolution of Karst Aquifers , 1 - 14