UIS Commission on Karst Hydrogeology and Speleogenesis
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Karstbase Bibliography Database

Original article
Spötl, C.; Zagler, G.; Bauer, K.; Mangini, A.; Bieniok, A.
Fledermausfunde aus dem gamslöcher-kolowrat-salzburgerschacht-system (1339/1) des untersbergs bei salzburg
Bat findings from the Gamslöcher-Kolowrat-Salzburgerschacht cave system (1339/1) in the Untersberg near Salzburg
2012
63
-3
32
37
Bat bones preserved in sediment layers of the remote parts of the Gamslöcher- Kolowrat-Salzburgerschacht system (Untersberg, south of the city of Salzburg) yielded an age in excess of 400,000 years based on four uranium-thorium dates obtained on intercalated flowstone. The bones belong to Myotis bechsteinii (Bechstein’s bat). A second profile which lacks flowstone layers but shows a similar sediment stratigraphy contained remains of M. bechsteinii, M. nattereri (Natterer’s bat) und M. cf. brandti (Brandt’s bat). The latter bones show evidence of biting and chewing by marten. A well preserved mummy of M. mystacinus (Whiskered bat) found on top of sediments in a third locality of this extensive cave system was dated to 3632-3559 years BC using radiocarbon (calibrated age range). This date demonstrates that the aridity that characterises these remote cave passages and the ventilation regime have prevailed since a least the Middle Holocene.
Spötl, C.; Zagler, G.; Bauer, K.; Mangini, A.; Bieniok, A., 2012, Fledermausfunde aus dem gamslöcher-kolowrat-salzburgerschacht-system (1339/1) des untersbergs bei salzburg , Die Hoehle , 63 , 32 - 37