UIS Commission on Karst Hydrogeology and Speleogenesis
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Glossary

Glossary of Karst and Cave Terms

littoral zone
The coastal strip where rocks that are above sea-level are in contact with rocks that are generally below sealevel. Where suitable aquifer conditions occur across the littoral zone, notably around relatively young carbonate islands, fresh ground-water interfaces with saline ground-water at the halocline and dissolutional processes are enhanced by mixing water and, possibly, by microbial effects [9].