UIS Commission on Karst Hydrogeology and Speleogenesis
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Glossary

Glossary of Karst and Cave Terms

evaporite
Rock formed by precipitation of minerals from evaporating water, usually from sea water. As sea water evaporates the least soluble mineral contents precipitate first; these include calcium carbonate that is deposited as fine-grained limestone. If evaporation continues, first gypsum, then halite and finally a number of other sulfates and chlorides are deposited [9].