UIS Commission on Karst Hydrogeology and Speleogenesis
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Glossary of Karst and Cave Terms

Rock formed by precipitation of minerals from evaporating water, usually from sea water. As sea water evaporates the least soluble mineral contents precipitate first; these include calcium carbonate that is deposited as fine-grained limestone. If evaporation continues, first gypsum, then halite and finally a number of other sulfates and chlorides are deposited [9].