UIS Commission on Karst Hydrogeology and Speleogenesis
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Glossary of Karst and Cave Terms

1. A formation, group of formations, or part of a formation that contains sufficient saturated permeable material to yield significant quantities of water to wells and springs [6]. 2. A ground-water reservoir. 3. Pervious rock that is completely saturated and will yield water to a well or spring. Historically the term has been applied to beds favoring early cave development, probably synonymous with some inception horizons [18].