UIS Commission on Karst Hydrogeology and Speleogenesis
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Glossary

Glossary of Karst and Cave Terms

corrosion
1. Chemical action of water containing carbonic acid (also humidic, nitric, and other acids) on limestones and dolomites causing partial solution and related chemical changes in the rocks [20]. 2. Erosion by solution or chemical action [10]. 3. The act or process of dissolving or wearing away metals [6]. See also accelerated corrosion; alluvial corrosion; corrasion; solution. Compare aggressive water. Synonyms: (French.) corrosion; (German.) Korrosion; (Greek.) chemeke thiavroses; (Italian.) dissoluzione, corrosione; (Russian.) korrozija; (Spanish.) corrosion; (Turkish.) eritme, yenme, kemirilme; (Yugoslavian.) korozija.