UIS Commission on Karst Hydrogeology and Speleogenesis
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Glossary of Karst and Cave Terms

cave formations
1. Secondary mineral deposits formed by the accumulation, dripping, or flowing of water in a cave [10]. 2. Unsatisfactory term used to include all varieties of calcite, gypsum and other, rarer, mineral cave deposits; therefore a synonym for the equally unwieldly speleothem or the colloquial term 'stall' [9]. See also sinter; speleothem.