Karstbase Bibliography Database

Lauritzen S.-E., Skoglund R. Ø.
Filippi M., Bosák P.
Glacier ice-contact speleogenesis
Proceedings of the 16th International Congress of Speleology, July 21–28, Brno


The classic hypothesis of G. Horn’s (1935) subglacial speleogenesis as an explanation of the relatively small diameter cave conduits in the Scandinavian marble stripe karst is reviewed. Recent work, including accurate cave mapping and morphological analysis, radiometric dating of cave deposits, chemical kinetics experiments and computer simulations have challenged the old theory. Scandinavia has relatively small caves that often have surprisingly high ages, going beyond the limit of Th/U dating. The high ages are apparently compensated by correspondingly slow wall retreat rates in the icecontact regime, and longer periods when the caves were inactive. Ice-contact speleogenesis varied in time and space, in pace with waxing and waning of wet-based ice. Maze or labyrinth morphology appears as a characteristic feature of caves ascribed to these processes.

speleogenesis; Ice-contact speleogenesis
Lauritzen S.-E., Skoglund R. Ø., 2013, Glacier ice-contact speleogenesis , 3 , 368 - 369