Note that most events have been postponed to 2021 due to Covid-19 situation.
19th International Symposium on Vulcanospeleology
- 08.28.2021 - 09.03.2021
Originally planed to be held during August 29 to September 5, 2020, the 19th Symposium on Volcanic Caves is rescheduled for the period August 28th 2021 to September 3rd 2021.
The 19th ISV will take place in the prestigious setting of the University of Catania, in the centreof the city. The town is only35 kilometresfrom the top of Mt. Etna. The big draw for cavers will be the lava tubes, numbering over 300, on Mt. Etna. This mountain is a composite strato-volcano that reaches 3.325m a.s.l. Its pyroducts covera largearea (8100 hectares/ 20,000 acres).
The symposium will be organized jointly by Gruppo Grotte Catania (GGC) and University of Catania. The GGC caving groupis affiliated with the Catania section of the Club Alpino Italiano(CAI). The University of Catania1is one of the oldest in Italy.
Sicily is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea. It is an autonomous region of Italy, in Southern Italy along with surrounding minor islands.
The earliest archaeological evidence of human activity on the island dates from as early as 12,000 BC. By around 750 BC, Sicily had three Phoenician and a dozen Greek colonies and, for the next 600 years, it was the site of the Sicilian Wars and the Punic Wars. After the fall of the Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, Sicily was ruled during the Early Middle Ages by the Vandals, the Ostrogoths, the Byzantine Empire. The Norman conquest of southern Italy led to the creation of the Kingdom of Sicily. It was later unified under the House of Bourbon with the Kingdom of Naples as the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies. It became part of Italy in 1860 following the Expedition of the Thousand, a revolt led by Giuseppe Garibaldi during the Italian unification. Sicily was given special status as an autonomous region on 15th May 1946. Sicily has a rich and unique culture, especially with regard to the arts, music, literature, cuisine, and architecture. It is also home to important archaeological and ancient sites, such as the Necropolis of Pantalica, the Valley of the Temples, Erice and Selinunte.